Resumé

NED B. EINSTEIN

Transportation Expert Witness

41 Hickory Hill Drive, Warwick, NY 10990

Telephone: (212) 766-1121

Facsimile:  (845) 324-8792

E-mail:  einstein@transalt.com

 

SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE

Directed and supervised all technical and business activities of a broad-based transportation consultancy (Transportation Alternatives) serving municipalities, private contract operators, social service agencies, transit authorities and school districts. Concurrently, created and directed the operations of a transportation service company (PTS Transportation) and the U.S. distributor of a line of European-manufactured buses (TAM-USA). Provided expert witness services on more than 600 lawsuits.

 

EMPLOYMENT HISTORY

 

1979 – Present

TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES

New York, New York

President

As its initial project, Transportation Alternatives directed the U.S. Department of Transportation’s first comprehensive study of demand-responsive transportation systems, resulting in USDOT’s publication of TA’s three-volume manual on paratransit planning and system design.

TA subsequently designed several of Southern California’s most unique and sophisticated paratransit systems for elderly and disabled individuals, including the City of Los Angeles’ initial VALTRANS program and multi-operator systems for Santa Monica, Pasadena and several social service agencies.  TA also designed a timed-transfer “pulse” transit system for a suburban community (Carson) and, almost a decade later, redesigned it to become the nation’s only transit system directed primarily at the transportation of schoolchildren, integrating it with service to the general public and intersecting 13 municipal bus lines and passenger rail service.  TA also prepared five municipal transit plans, conducted a number of coordination and consolidation studies, and engaged in dozens of other planning and design projects for a range of public- and private-sector clients.

In 1982, Transportation Alternatives began serving as the technical consultant to a multi-provider paratransit brokerage system and, subsequently, a 70-vehicle paratransit operation and non-emergency medical transportation service (see PTS Transportation below).

Among TA’s consulting efforts since 1995:

  • In 1995, as a subcontractor to Bain & Company, TA conducted a USAID-funded evaluation of Russian bus manufacturer Pavlovo Bus Factory (PAZ), examining its products, production facilities and export potential.
  • As a subcontractor to Circadian Technologies, Inc., TA conducted an FMCSA-funded examination of the duty cycles and operating environments of S. motorcoach services, including an identification of institutional, economic and operating factors which relate to driver fatigue and stress.
  • With Dunlap & Associates and PTSI, TA conducted two studies (loading/unloading and on-time reliability problems of special education students) for the District of Columbia Public Schools (under the Consent Decree of a class action lawsuit).
  • As a subcontractor to Alberta-based AQL Consultants, TA undertook an analysis of the City of Edmonton’s Disabled Adults Transportation System, including an examination of DATS’ custom-designed software and scheduling algorithms.
  • TA developed new system design parameters for the State of Rhode Island’s statewide, consolidated paratransit system, and incorporated them into an RFP, grading scale and operating contract for the selection of vendors and the oversight of their contractual obligations.
  • As a subcontractor to Team Inc., TA helped develop technical specifications for a coordinated school/transit bus, and provided technical assistance about the operating and institutional barriers associated with its use, for an FTA-funded demonstration project.
  • I conducted workshops, and made conference presentations, at national, state and Provincial conferences on an array of subjects including: Vehicle selection and specification; transit and schoolbus crossing safety; driver and attendant assignment and training; system monitoring and evaluation; management and operations; system design; software applications; transportation safety and liability; driver and motorist fatigue; and forensic analysis and expert witness services.
  • As a Contributing Editor, I authored a multi-year series of monthly articles (most months from 2007 to 2012) about crossing for School Transportation News, one of the schoolbus industry’s primary two trade magazines (readership: 90,000).
  • I authored dozens of papers on transit, paratransit, motorcoach and schoolbus operations and safety — including regular monthly columns in National Bus Trader since 2000, and eight papers published by the American Public Transportation Association in the Proceedings of many of APTA’s Annual Bus and Paratransit Conferences.
  • During it formation, I was engaged as one of the initial instructors for the Motorcoach Academy initiated as a joint venture between the United Motorcoach Association and the College of Southern Maryland.

Since 1989, I also served as an expert witness/consultant to attorneys and insurance companies in more than 600 accident- or incident-related law suits involving wrongful death, personal injury and class actions. In these efforts, I assisted attorneys and insurance carriers representing a range of public agencies, transit agencies, private contractors, school districts, labor unions, social service agencies, vehicle manufacturers, dealers, equipment manufacturers, bus drivers, and other individuals – serving both plaintiffs’ and defendants’ counsel.

 

1982 – 1992

PTS TRANSPORTATION

Van Nuys, California

Chairman/General Manager 

In 1982, I formed a transportation service company which was awarded a contract to design, and serve as the initial broker of, a multi-modal paratransit system transporting elderly and disabled residents of Los Angeles’ San Fernando Valley.  PTS certified and transported 12,000 clients, selected subcontractors and directed their operating activities, designed “skeleton” routes and schedules, and monitored a $2M operating budget.

In 1983, PTS began the operation of its own paratransit system serving physically and developmentally disabled residents of the San Fernando Valley.  This 15-vehicle system quickly grew into a 70-vehicle operation employing 125 individuals, providing 2,200 trips daily, and grossing $6M — including our expansion of service into the Antelope Valley.  In 1988, PTS began providing non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) service to hospitals and medical centers throughout Los Angeles County, beginning with seven additional vehicles  and utilizing common “spares” from the existing San Fernando Valley fleet.  Finally, PTS expanded to provide subcontract service to disabled clients of charter service and limousine companies, and corporate clients, as well as shuttle service to churches and other  organizations on both regular and charter bases.

 

 

1989 – 1995

TAM-USA

Van Nuys, California

Chairman/Vice President

With initial support from Fortune 200 company Combustion Engineering (subsequently acquired by Asea Brown Boveri), Transportation Alternatives created a U.S.-Yugoslav joint venture company, TAM-USA, which (following Slovenia’s independence) became the first U.S.-Slovene Joint Venture Company. Leveraging more than $8M in development capital from two Slovene partners and a loan from the Slovene government, TAM-USA became the North American distributor of all TAM  truck and bus products.  (Body maker AM-BUS joined the venture in 1990 as the third partner.)

As the minority partner, TA served officially as the technical and marketing consultant to TAM-USA.  As TAM-USA’s Chairman and Vice President, I formed a User Design Committee including representatives from USDOT, National Safety Council, umbrella organizations representing both school districts and private contractors, four State Directors of Pupil Transportation, several local school district directors, and the nation’s five largest school bus contractors (Laidlaw, Ryder, Mayflower, VANCOM and Durham).  Under my direction, the UDC provided comprehensive design input into the transformation of a European motorcoach vehicle envelope into a USDOT-certified school bus.  Following Slovenia’s independence, the collapse of the two major West Coast school bus competitors, and other difficult business challenges, we designed and introduced a single-rear-axle motorcoach into the U.S. market before the parent company disbanded.

Despite TAM-USA’s limited commercial success, I succeeded in getting photographs of TAM buses on the cover of two issues of School Bus Fleet magazine, and an issue of National Bus Trader magazine, along with numerous articles, photographs and advertising in School Bus Fleet, School Transportation News, National Bus Trader and Bus Ride. A lengthy article about the TAM-USA project, focusing on its transition from the school bus to motorcoach market, was published in East European Investment magazine (September, 1993). I directed all TAM-USA advertising and public relations activities, include the design of all advertising copy.

As a result of these activities, TAM-USA began exporting U.S. and Canadian automotive components to TAM BUS for inclusion in vehicles designed and exported for Western European, Eastern European and North African markets.  The TAM-USA effort was also responsible for helping to introduce a number of automotive components from a number of major U.S. companies — including Rockwell (now Meritor) and Cummins Engine — into the bus markets of Russia, Israel, Croatia and Slovenia.

 

 

1978, 1979

SMITH & HOWARD ASSOCIATES

Washington, D.C.

Senior Planner

I prepared the condensed summary submitted to Congress of the USDOT-funded Summary Report of Data from [the] National Survey of Transportation Handicapped People — which, years later, formed one of the bases for the transportation sections of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). I conducted a comprehensive survey of the impacts of the Federally-required “half fare provision” for elderly and disabled riders on transit ridership and revenue. And I served as the principal investigator and author of a USDOT-funded study of barriers to the diffusion of innovation in the transit industry.

 

1976, 1977

PUBLIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.

Washington, D.C.

Project Manager

I supervised a staff of eight planners, helped coordinate activities for the Urban Consortium of Technology Initiatives (members included U.S. cities with populations over 500,000),  and edited technical documents prepared for number of studies funded by the USDOT’s Office of the Secretary and its Urban Mass Transportation Administration (currently the Federal Transit Administration). I also designed, and served as Project Manager and Acting Director for, the USDOT/APTA-sponsored National Conference on Transit Performance (September, 1977).

 

1975, 1976

LINTON & COMPANY

Washington, D.C.

Planning Associate

I helped prepare a Unified Work Program outlining the planning and programming activities conducted by the Illinois Department of Transportation.

 

EDUCATION

 

M.U.R.P., George Washington University, Urban and Regional Planning, 1975

B.A., English Literature, Rutgers University, 1969

 

 

ASSOCIATIONS/AFFILIATIONS

  • American Public Transportation Association (APTA)
  • National Association of Pupil Transportation (NAPT)
  • United Motorcoach Association (UMA)
  • Association International pour le Sécurité du Transports des Jeunes (AIST)
  • National Congress on School Transportation (1995, 2000, 2005)
  • Committee for School Travel Safety, National Academy of Sciences (2000-2002)
  • Access Committee (APTA)
  • S. Business Council for Slovenia (Director, 1991-1996)
  • S.-Yugoslav Economic Counsel (Board of Directors, 1988-1996)

 

PUBLICATIONS

  • “Survival and Prosperity, Part 6: The Beginning of Death”National Bus Trader (November 2022)
  • “Making Public Transportation Work, Part 2: Park and Ride Lots”National Bus Trader (November 2022)
  • “Making Public Transportation Work, Part 1: Alternative Work Schedules”National Bus Trader (October 2022)
  • “Survival and Prosperity, Part 5: Whining, Yawning and Dying”National Bus Trader (May 2022)
  • “Responses to Declining Ridership, Part 1: Contracting, Independent Contractors and Brokers”National Bus Trader (April 2022)
  • “Survival and Prosperity, Part 4: Service Concepts”National Bus Trader (April 2022)
  • “Survival and Prosperity, Part 3: The Gains of Winning, The Cost of Failure”National Bus Trader (March 2022)
  • “Survival and Prosperity, Part 2: The Magic Coach”National Bus Trader (March 2022)
  • “Survival and Prosperity Part 1: Magic Corridors.”National Bus Trader (January 2022)
  • “Transportation Network Companies – Even Worse than Expected.”National Bus Trader (November 2021)
  • “Expanding the Mode Split Dividing Line, Part 1: Exponential Airline Industry Corruption.”National Bus Trader (August 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 6: Contracting Fixed Route Transit.”National Bus Trader (August 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 5: Lawyers and Carriers.”National Bus Trader (July 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 4: Beware the Selection Process.”National Bus Trader (July 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 3: The Whistleblower’s Song.” National Bus Trader (May 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 2: The History of Contracting and Brokers.” National Bus Trader (May 2021)
  • “Defending Contractors, Part 1: Lead Agencies and Brokers” National Bus Trader (April 2021)
  • What’s in Store for the Post-COVID Era Motorcoach Industry.” National Bus Trader (March 2021)
  • “Responding to Adversity by Abandoning Support” National Bus Trader (February 2021)
  • “COVID-19, Shenanigans and Liability Part 2: Making Money by Compromising Health” National Bus Trader (January 2021)
  • “COVID-19, Shenanigans and Liability, Part 1: Wheelchair Securement”National Bus Trader (December 2020)
  • Small Efforts and Big DifferencesNational Bus Trader (November 2020)
  • “Getting Students Back to School During COVID-19” School Transportation News, National Bus Trader (October 2020)
  • Drivers, Health and CoronavirusNational Bus Trader (September 2020)
  • Motorcoach Survival in the Age of COVID-19, Part 3: The End of Charter and Tour Service — For Now National Bus Trader (August 2020)
  • Transit Survival in the Age of COVID-19 National Bus Trader (July 2020)
  • Motorcoach Survival in the Age of COVID-19, Part 2: On the Road Again National Bus Trader (June 2020)
  • Motorcoach Survival in the Age of COVID-19, Part 1: Roles and Responsibilities National Bus Trader (May 2020).
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 9 — Speed Inflation”  National Bus Trader (April 2020)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 8 — Collecting Fares, Skimming the Passengers”  National Bus Trader (March 2020)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 7 — Betrayal by Robots”  National Bus Trader (February 2020)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 6 — The Starting Five”  National Bus Trader (January 2020)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 5 — Consolidation of Demand-Responsive Services”  National Bus Trader (December 2019)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 4 — Consolidation of Fixed Route Services”  National Bus Trader (November 2019)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 3 — Defensive Driving in the Age of Entitlement”  National Bus Trader (October 2019)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 2 — The Nature of Modern Travel”  National Bus Trader (September 2019)
  • “Drivers v. Robots, Part 1”  National Bus Trader (August 2019)
  • Tight Schedules, Part 6: Schoolbus Service National Bus Trader (July 2019)
  • Tight Schedules, Part 5: Motorcoach Service National Bus Trader (June 2019)
  • Tight Schedules, Part 4: Complementary Paratransit Service National Bus Trader (May 2019)
  • Tight Schedules, Part 3: Fixed Route Transit National Bus Trader (April, 2019)
  • “Tight Schedules, Part 2: Lessons from the NEMT Sector”National Bus Trader (March 2019)
  • Tight Schedules, Part 1: The Other Achilles Heel National Bus Trader (February 2019)
  • “The Folly of Fake Facts, Part 2”National Bus Trader (January 2019)
  • “The Folly of Fake Facts” National Bus Trader (December 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 12: Conclusions” National Bus Trader (November 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 11: Wheelchair And Passenger Securement”National Bus Trader (October 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 10: Passenger Assistance — Standards, Practices and Disincentives” National Bus Trader (September 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises Part 9: Rolling Turns and Sharp Turns” National Bus Trader (August 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises Part 8: Boarding and Alighting” National Bus Trader (July 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 7: Stopping on the Wrong Side of the Intersection” National Bus Trader (June 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 6: Failing to Pull to the Curb.” National Bus Trader (May 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 5 – Failing to Kneel the Bus or Coach “National Bus Trader (April 2018)
  • “A Paradigm Shift in Motorcoach Accessibility, Part 3: The MCI D45 CRT LE Commuter Coach”National Bus Trader (March 2018)
  • “A Paradigm Shift in Motorcoach Accessibility, Part 2: The MCI D45 CRT LE Commuter Coach”National Bus Trader (February 2018)
  • “A Paradigm Shift in Motorcoach Accessibility, Part 1: The MCI D45 CRT LE Commuter Coach”National Bus Trader (January 2018)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 4: Speeding” National Bus Trader (December 2017)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 3: Wheelchair and Passenger Securement” National Bus Trader (November 2017)
  • “Safety Compromises, Part 2: On-Board Slips and Falls”National Bus Trader (October 2017)
  • “Safety Compromises: Part 1, Introduction”National Bus Trader (September 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 9: Conclusion — The Best of Both Worlds” National Bus Trader (August 2017)
  • “Autonomous & Inevitable, Part 8: Access and Accountability”National Bus Trader (July 2017)
  • “Autonomous & Inevitable, Part 7 — Cameras and Sensors”National Bus Trader (May 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 6: The Transition to Complete Autonomy”National Bus Trader (April 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 5: The Regulatory Environment — Initial Thoughts”National Bus Trader (March 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 4: Invasion by Mode — Large Vehicles”National Bus Trader (February 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 3: Extraordinary Developments and Tough Choices”National Bus Trader (January 2017)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 2: Invasion by Mode, Small Vehicles”National Bus Trader (December 2016)
  • “Autonomous and Inevitable, Part 1: What is to Come, and What is Already Here”National Bus Trader (October 2016)
  • “Rounded Curbs and Limit Lines”National Bus Trader (September 2016)
  • “Dancing in the Oncoming Lane: Long Wheelbases and Right Turns”National Bus Trader (August 2016)
  • “The Case for Mandatory Sleep Apnea Testing, Part 3: The Need for Universal Testing and Treatment”National Bus Trader (July 2016)
  • “The Case for Mandatory Sleep Apnea Testing, Part 2: The Weaknesses of Screening”National Bus Trader (June 2016)
  • “The Case for Mandatory Sleep Apnea Testing.”National Bus Trader (May 2016)
  • “The Danger Deterrent.”National Bus Trader (April 2016)
  • “Whatever Happened to Seat Compartmentalization?”National Bus Trader (March 2016)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses Part 7: Conclusions.” National Bus Trader (January 2016)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses, Part 6: Industry and Association Responses.” National Bus Trader (December 2015)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses, Part 5: Executive Branch Responses.” National Bus Trader (November 2015)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses, Part 4: Judicial Heroism.” National Bus Trader (October 2015)
  • “Speed and Acceleration.”National Bus Trader (September 2015)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses Part 3 – Invasion of the TNCs.” National Bus Trader (August 2015)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses, Part 2: The Rise, Fall and Transformation of Supershuttle.” National Bus Trader (July 2015)
  • “Bad Regulations and Worse Responses: Part 1-Introduction.” National Bus Trader (June 2015)
  • “Safety and Liability: The Insensitive Edge.” National Bus Trader (May 2015)
  • “Safety and Liability: Are Increased Insurance Rates Really the Answer?” National Bus Trader (April 2015)
  • “Thinning Densities and Safety Ramifications: Lessons from the Taxicab World.” National Bus Trader (March 2015)
  • “Height, Width and Deeply-Entrenched Ignorance.” National Bus Trader (February 2015)
  • “Bus Lag, Part 5.” National Bus Trader (January 2015)
  • “Bus Lag, Part 4.” National Bus Trader (December 2014)
  • “Bus Lag, Part 3.” National Bus Trader (November 2014)
  • “Bus Lag, Part 2.” National Bus Trader (October 2014)
  • “Bus Lag, Part 1.” National Bus Trader (September 2014)
  • “The Party Bus.” National Bus Trader (August 2014)
  • “The White Line in the Sand.” National Bus Trader (July 2014)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 10: Reversing the Spiral.” National Bus Trader (June 2014)
  • “Bio-Sensitive Driver Assignment – Part II.” National Bus Trader (May 2014)
  • “Bio-Sensitive Driver Assignment – Part I.” National Bus Trader (April 2014)
  • “Cutting Costs by Mastering Time and Space – Part I.” School Bus Driver (March 2014)
  • “Clues to Recognizing a Poor Attorney.” National Bus Trader (March 2014)
  • “Broadening the Training Curriculum.” National Bus Trader (February 2014)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 9: Who Calls the Shots.” National Bus Trader (January 2014)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 8 – Tip of the Iceberg: A Sermon of Reality.” National Bus Trader (December 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 7B: Capitulation to Malarkey, Continued.” National Bus Trader (November 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 7A: Capitulation to Malarkey.” National Bus Trader (October 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 6B: Three-Point Seatbelts.” National Bus Trader (September 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 5: Additional Trade-Offs Involved in Lapbelt Installation.” National Bus Trader, (July 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 4: Lapbelts and Compartmentalization.” National Bus Trader, (June 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 3: Evidence and Reality.” National Bus Trader, (May 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough, Part 2: Lies, Incompetence and Uncritical Acceptance.” National Bus Trader (April 2013)
  • “Enough is Enough – Part 1: Overview of the Spiral” National Bus Trader (March 2013)
  • “Civil Litigation – Recent Shifts in Approach and Emphasis.” National Bus Trader (September 2011)
  • “State by State Variation in Crossing Procedures, Part 3A: Flashers and Crossing Devices.” School Transportation News (September 2011)
  • ” The Angels Advocate.” National Bus Trader (August 2011)
  • “State by State Variation in Crossing Procedures, Part 2: Liability.”School Transportation News (August 2011)
  • “State by State Variation in Crossing Procedures: Part, 1 Introduction.”School Transportation News (July 2011)
  • “The Last Minority.”National Bus Trader (July 2011)
  • “Beware your Cousins’ Idiosyncrasies.”National Bus Trader (June, 2011)
  • “Gridlock, Backlash and Impunity.”National Bus Trader (May 2011)
  • “Dreams, Illusions and Folly.”National Bus Trader (April 2011)
  • “Means and Ends.”National Bus Trader (March, 2011)
  • “Humps and Bumps.”National Bus Trader (February 2011)
  • “Jayne Mansfield and Mythology.”National Bus Trader (January 2011)
  • “Running and Cycle Time, Redux.”National Bus Trader (December, 2010)
  • “New Thinking about Crossing Safety.”School Transportation News (December 2010)
  • “Crossing and Double-Crossing.”National Bus Trader (November 2010)
  • “When Enough is Enough.”National Bus Trader (October 2010)
  • “One Strike You’re Out.”National Bus Trader (September 2010)
  • “Courting Liability Leviathans.”National Bus Trader (August 2010)
  • “Snake Eyes and Slivers.”National Bus Trader (July 2010)
  • “Directing the Students Across.”School Transportation News (July 2010)
  • “The Importance of Analysis.”National Bus Trader (June 2010)
  • “School Buses, Transit and Crossing Orientation.”School Transportation News (June 2010)
  • “Negligent Retention and Driver Impunity.”National Bus Trader (May 2010)
  • “Holes in HOS Regulations and Why need to Plug Them.”National Bus Trader (April 2010)
  • “Flashers, Signals and Recognition: Part 4.”School Transportation News (April 2010)
  • “Flashes, Signals and Recognition: Part 3.” School Transportation News (March 2010)
  • “Stairways, Escalators and Expectations.”National Bus Trader (March 2010)
  • “Flashes, Signals and Recognition: Part 2.”School Transportation News (February 2010)
  • “Isolation, Perspective and Misplaced Pride.”National Bus Trader (February 2010)
  • “Flashes, Signals and Recognition: Part 1.”School Transportation News (January 2010)
  • “The Creep of Common Carrier Status.”National Bus Trader (January 2010)
  • “Operators, Lawyers, and Underwriters.”National Bus Trader (December 2010)
  • “Ten Stunning Accomplishments in Buses and Motorcoaches and their Operations.”National Bus Trader (November 2009)
  • “Top Ten Most Stupid Things about Buses, Motorcoaches and Their Operations.”National Bus Trader (October 2009)
  • “Blocking the Windshield, Compromising the View.”School Transportation News (September 2009)
  • “Experience and Memory.”National Bus Trader (August 2009)
  • “Recession and Opportunity.”National Bus Trader (July 2009)
  • “Bus Stops and Land Mines.”National Bus Trader (June 2009)
  • “Competitive Contracting, Exploitation and Impunity.”National Bus Trader (May 2009)
  • “Uncommon Carriers.”National Bus Trader (April 2009)
  • “The Runaway Bus.”National Bus Trader (March 2009)
  • “Negligent Retention.”National Bus Trader (February 2009)
  • “Some Things You Should Know About Seat Belts.”National Bus Trader (January 2009)
  • “Double the Passengers, Double the Responsibility: Part 2.”National Bus Trader (December 2008)
  • “Flashers, Signals & Recognition.”School Transportataion News (November 2008)
  • “Double the Passengers, Double the Responsibility: Part 1.”National Bus Trader (November 2008)
  • “Bus Positioning and Alignment.”School Transportation News (October 2008)
  • “Zeal and Disparity.”National Bus Trader (October 2008)
  • “Tiny Buttons and Fat Wallets.”National Bus Trader (September 2008)
  • “Sharing the Stop, Sharing the Blame.”School Transportation News (September 2008)
  • “Repositioning and Regret.”National Bus Trader (August 2008)
  • “Who Needs to be on the School Bus.”School Transportation News (July 2008)
  • “A Mile in Their Wheelchairs.”School Bus Fleet (July 2008)
  • “Controlling the Gray Zone.”National Bus Trader (July 2008)
  • “Second Doors and Second Chances.”National Bus Trader (June 2008)
  • “The Steel Wave.”School Transportation News (May 2008)
  • “Footsie and Patsy.”National Bus Trader (May 2008)
  • “Compromising Safety to Reduce Liability Exposure.”School Transportation News (April 2008)
  • “Buses and Bikes – Mass, Visibility and Unfair Fights.”National Bus Trader (April 2008)
  • “Precision and Virtuosity.”National Bus Trader (March 2008)
  • “Just Being There.”National Bus Trader (February 2008)
  • “Bad Evidence, Bad Faith.”National Bus Trader (January 2008)
  • “Civil Rights and Common Sense.”National Bus Trader (December 2007)
  • “Stop Positioning and Crossing Orientation.”School Transportation News (November 2007)
  • “Causation and Blame.”National Bus Trader (November 2007)
  • “Retrograde and Retrofits.”School Transportation News (October 2007)
  • “Alcohol and Public Policy.”National Bus Trader (October 2007)
  • “Crossing to the Stop and Along the Path.”School Transportation News (September 2007)
  • “Previews and Precursors.”National Bus Trader (September 2007)
  • “Fatality Case Depits Relationship of School Bus Stops to Student Security: Part 2.”School Transportation News (August 2007)
  • “Responsibility and Control.”National Bus Trader (August, 2007)
  • “Safety and Security: Part 1.”School Transportation News (July, 2007)
  • “Structure and Communication.”National Bus Trader (July, 2007)
  • “Bus Stops and Land Mines.”National Bus Trader (June, 2009)
  • “Competitive Contracting, Exploitation and Impunity.”National Bus Trader (May, 2009)
  • “Uncommon Carriers.”National Bus Trader (April, 2009)
  • “The Runaway Bus.”National Bus Trader (March, 2009)
  • “Negligent Retention.”National Bus Trader (February, 2009)
  • “Some Things You Should Know About Seat Belts.”National Bus Trader (January, 2009)
  • “Double the Passengers, Double the Responsibility: Part 2.”National Bus Trader (December, 2008)
  • “Flashers, Signals & Recognition.”School Transportation News (November 2008)
  • “Double the Passengers, Double the Responsibility: Part 1.”National Bus Trader (November, 2008)
  • “Bus Positioning and Alignment.”School Transportation News (October, 2008)
  • “Zeal and Disparity.”National Bus Trader (October, 2008)
  • “Tiny Buttons and Fat Wallets.”National Bus Trader (September, 2008)
  • “Sharing the Stop, Sharing the Blame.”School Transportation News (September, 2008)
  • “Repositioning and Regret.”National Bus Trader (August, 2008)
  • “Who Needs to be on the School Bus.” School Transportation News (July, 2008)
  • “A Mile in Their Wheelchairs.”School Bus Fleet (July, 2008)
  • “Controlling the Gray Zone.”National Bus Trader (July, 2008)
  • “Second Doors and Second Chances.”National Bus Trader (June, 2008)
  • “The Steel Wave.”School Transportation News (May, 2008)
  • “Footsie and Patsy.”National Bus Trader (May, 2008)
  • “Compromising Safety to Reduce Liability Exposure.”School Transportation News (April, 2008)
  • “Buses and Bikes – Mass, Visibility and Unfair Fights.”National Bus Trader (April, 2008)
  • “Precision and Virtuosity.”National Bus Trader (March, 2008)
  • “Just Being There.”National Bus Trader (February, 2008)
  • “Bad Evidence, Bad Faith.”National Bus Trader (January, 2008)
  • “Civil Rights and Common Sense.”National Bus Trader (December, 2007)
  • “Stop Positioning and Crossing Orientation.”School Transportation News (November, 2007)
  • “Causation and Blame.”National Bus Trader (November, 2007)
  • “Retrograde and Retrofits.”School Transportation News (October, 2007)
  • “Alcohol and Public Policy.”National Bus Trader (October, 2007)
  • “Crossing to the Stop and Along the Path.” School Transportation News (September, 2007)
  • “Previews and Precursors.”National Bus Trader (September, 2007)
  • “Fatality Case Depicts Relationship of School Bus Stops to Student Security: Part 2.”School Transportation News (August, 2007)
  • “Responsibility and Control.”National Bus Trader (August, 2007)
  • “Safety and Security: Part 1.”School Transportation News (July, 2007)
  • “Structure and Communication.”National Bus Trader (July, 2007)
  • “Distinguishing between the Bus Stop and Waiting Area.”School Transportation News (June, 2007)
  • “For Want of a Door.”National Bus Trader (June, 2007)
  • “Evaluating Bus Stops.”School Transportation News (May, 2007)
  • “Getting Off the Bus.”National Bus Trader (May, 2007)
  • “The Case for Forward-Facing Seats.”National Bus Trader (April, 2007)
  • “Serendipity and Survival.”National Bus Trader (April, 2007)
  • “Passenger Versus System Choice.”National Bus Trader (February, 2007)
  • “Who Picks the Stops.”School Transportation News (February, 2007)
  • “Minding the Store.”National Bus Trader (January, 2007)
  • “Who We Are and What We Do.”School Transportation News (January, 2007)
  • “Crossing: Things to Come.”School Transportation News (December, 2006)
  • “Negligent Filing.”National Bus Trader (December, 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 9: Accessibility and Securement.”National Bus Trader (November 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 8: Enhanced Visibility.”National Bus Trader (October 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 7: Illumination and Visibility.”National Bus Trader (September 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 6: Crash Avoidance and Protection.”National Bus Trader (August 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 5: Seating.”National Bus Trader (July 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 4: Stepwells.”National Bus Trader (June 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 3: Doors.”National Bus Trader (May 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 2: Structures and Suspension Systems.”National Bus Trader (April 2006)
  • “Clearing the Mirrors.” National Bus Trader (March 2006)
  • “Buying Tomorrow’s Buses Today: Part 1: Introduction.”National Bus Trader (February 2006)
  • “The Old Heave-Ho.”National Bus Trader (January 2006)
  • “Availability and Usage.”National Bus Trader (December 2005)
  • “Knowing Your Passengers.”School Transportation News (November 2005)
  • “Plans, Preparation and the S-Word.”National Bus Trader (November 2005)
  • “Competitive Bidding and Competitive Safety.”National Bus Trader (October 2005)
  • “Sights and Sounds.”National Bus Trader (September 2005)
  • “Instinct and Indignation.”National Bus Trader (August 2005)
  • “Pretense and Indifference.”National Bus Trader (July 2005)
  • “The Seven Deadliest Sins.”National Bus Trader (June 2005)
  • “Smiting the Passengers.”National Bus Trader (May 2005)
  • “Latitude and Longitude.”National Bus Trader (April 2005)
  • “Safety v. Liability.”National Bus Trader (March 2005)
  • “GVWR in the Fast Food Nation.”National Bus Trader (February 2005)
  • “Frivolity and Frustration.”National Bus Trader (January 2005)
  • “Seating and Securement.”National Bus Trader (December 2004)
  • “The Long, Long Night.” National Bus Trader (December 2004)
  • “Blocking the Windshield, Missing the Point.”National Bus Trader (November 2004)
  • “Running Time and Cycle Time.”National Bus Trader (October, 2004)
  • “Training the Trainers.”National Bus Trader (September, 2004)
  • “The Documentation Dilemma.”National Bus Trader (August, 2004)
  • “Defensive Non-Driving.”National Bus Trader (July, 2004)
  • “Common Carriers and Common Passengers.”National Bus Trader (June, 2004)
  • “Optimizing the Mix of Dedicated and Non-Dedicated Paratransit Services.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2004)
  • “Cheap and Portable Evidence.” National Bus Trader (May, 2004)
  • “Doing the ADA Limbo.” National Bus Trader (April, 2004)
  • “Common Signage and Common Sense.” National Bus Trader (March, 2004)
  • “Limits of Liability in Time and Space.” National Bus Trader (February, 2004)
  • “Evidence and Effort.” National Bus Trader (January, 2004)
  • “Life Cycle Costing.” National Bus Trader (December, 2003)
  • “Blackouts and Black Eyes; The Eastern Blackout of August 14.”National Bus Trader (November, 2003)
  • “Raising the Bar on Small Vehicle Safety.” National Bus Trader (October, 2003)
  • “Pulling to the Curb.” National Bus Trader (September, 2003)
  • “Pi R Squared.” National Bus Trader (August, 2003)
  • “Hours of Service Changes for the Trucking Industry: An Overview.” National Bus Trader (July, 2003)
  • “Parking on the Hillside.”National Bus Trader (June, 2003)
  • “The Case for Forward-Facing Seats.” (with Dr. Anil Khadilkar). In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2003. Re-printed in National Bus Trader, April 2007)
  • “Doors and Stepwells.” National Bus Trader (May, 2003)
  • “The Death Raft.” National Bus Trader (April, 2003)
  • “Accidents Motorcoaches Do NOT Have.” National Bus Trader (March, 2003)
  • “The Multipurpose Bus.” National Bus Trader (February, 2003)
  • “The Wages of Negligence.” National Bus Trader (January, 2003)
  • “Fatigue Monitoring Reality.” National Bus Trader (December, 2002)
  • “Fatigue Monitoring Technology.” National Bus Trader (November, 2002)
  • “Harassment.” National Bus Trader (October, 2002)
  • “Safety and Fares.” National Bus Trader (September, 2002)
  • “Seating and Securement,” National Bus Trader (August, 2002)
  • “Classification of Service.” National Bus Trader (July, 2002)
  • “Chameleon Safety and Liability.” National Bus Trader (June, 2002)
  • “Reviewing Drivers’ Logs.” National Bus Trader (May, 2002)
  • “Progressive Driver Assignment in the ADA Environment.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2002)
  • “Man’s Best Friend.” National Bus Trader (April, 2002)
  • “Renegades and Risks.” National Bus Trader (March, 2002)
  • “Sleep and Mythology.” National Bus Trader (February, 2002)
  • “Fatigue and Opportunity.” National Bus Trader (January,2002)
  • “The Mysterious Force.” National Bus Trader (December, 2001)
  • “The Training Conundrum.” National Bus Trader (November, 2001)
  • “Progressive Driver Assignment.” National Bus Trader (October, 2001)
  • “Knowledge and Perception.” National Bus Trader (September, 2001)
  • “The Price of Digital Madness.” National Bus Trader (August, 2001)
  • “Playing Zone Defense.” National Bus Trader (July, 2001)
  • “A Time to Surrender.” National Bus Trader (June, 2001)
  • “Indirect Accidents – Data Vacuum and Liability Bonanza.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2001)
  • “Sequencing Decisions in Paratransit System Design.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2001)
  • “Liability Flashpoints in Transit and Paratransit Operations.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2001)
  • “Defending Against Law Suits – A New Operating Function.”National Bus Trader (May, 2001)
  • “Accommodating Schoolchildren on Public Transit.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2000)
  • Principles of Paratransit System Design.” In Procceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May 2000)
  • “Accident Analysis and Legal Defenses.” In Proceedings of the Bus and Paratransit Conference. American Public Transportation Association (May, 2000).
  • “Crossing in Front of the Bus” School Transportation News (March, 2000): 29-30
  • “The Hard Truth about Law Suits” School Transportation News (January, 2000): 15-19
  • “Why Seat Belts Should Not be Installed on Large School Buses” School Transportation News (May, 1999): 18-19
  • “How the School Bus Community Became Involved in the Olympics” School Transportation News (November, 1996): 2-3
  • “Getting Started, Getting Help.”( Dateline: NCTA ) (April, 1996)
  • “Good News About Wheelchairs and Transportation.” Exceptional Parent (March, 1996): 57-58
  • Part I: General Comments and Conclusions. Part II: Specific Conclusions and Recommendations.” (for Pavlovo Bus Factory, Pavlovo, Russia February, 1995)
  • “Map and Schedule” for Carson Circuit Transit System, Van Nuys, California (1993, rev. 1995)
  • “Guidelines for Using Transportation Services” Exceptional Parent (September, 1995)
  • “Transit’s Role in Student TRansportation: Partnerships in the Transportation of Students” (with Ron Kinney). (Presented to, and adopted by, the National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services) (1995)
  • “Accommodating the Perceptual Limitations of Schoolchildren on Public Mass Transit: The European Model” School Transportation News (November, 1994): 8-9
  • City of Carson Transit Plan. Van Nuys, California 1993)
  • City of Redondo Beach Transportation Plan. (Van Nuys, California 1984)
  • City of South Pasadena Transportation Plan. (Van Nuys, California 1984)
  • City of Whittier Transportation Plan. 9Van Nuys, California 1983)
  • City of Beverly Hills Transit Plan. (Van Nuys, California 1983)
  • Mixed Mode Cost Comparison. (Privatization study submitted to the Pomoma Valley Joint Powers Authority, Pomona, California 1983)
  • Evaluation of the Feasibility of Coordinating or Consulting Social Service Agency Paratransit Services on Los Angeles County’s West Side. (For the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission 1983)
  • Performance Audit of the Geldale Dial-A-Ride System. (Van Nuys, California 1982)
  • Mixed Mode Comparison: Los Angeles County’s South Bay. (Privatization study prepared for Wilmington/Checker Cab, submitted to the Los Angeles Transportation Commission 1982)
  • Study of the Consolidation or Coordination of Social Service Agency Paratransit Services in Orange County, California. With Roy Glauthier, Roger Teal. (Prepared for the Orange County Transportation Commission 1981)
  • Special Paratransit Service for Elderly and Handicapped Persons: Vol. 1, Case Studies. Vol. 2, Operational Experiences. Vol. 3, Decision Manual for System Design. Washington, D.C.: Office of Planning Assistance, Urban Mass Transportation Administration 1981.
  • Barriers to the Diffusion of Innovation in the Transit Industry. (Washington, D.C.: Office of Policy and Planning. Urban Mass Transportation Administration 1978.
  • Alternate Work Schedules: An Information Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: Public Technology, Inc. 1977.
  • Transit Productivity: An Information Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: PTI (1977.
  • ED. Proceedings of the National Conference on Transit Performance. Ed. Washington, D.C.:PTI 1977.
  • Ed. Priority Treatment for High Occupancy Vehicles. Washington, D.C:PTI 1977